黄炎晨,黄方平,刘静.波浪作用下基于不同负载的一种Savonius型水轮机捕能性能研究[J].海洋工程,2022,40(2):118~129
波浪作用下基于不同负载的一种Savonius型水轮机捕能性能研究
Research on energy harvesting performance of a Savonius turbine under wave action based on different loads
投稿时间:2021-06-09  
DOI:10.16483/j.issn.1005-9865.2022.02.012
中文关键词:  Savonius型水轮机  捕能性能  海洋能  波浪周期  桨叶  扭矩系数  能量转换效率
英文关键词:Savonius turbine  energy harvesting performance  ocean energy  wave period  paddle  torque coefficient  energy conversion efficiency
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(51605431);宁波市科技重大科技专项(2015C110005,2015C110015)
作者单位E-mail
黄炎晨 江西理工大学, 江西 赣州 341000
浙大宁波理工学院, 浙江 宁波 315100 
 
黄方平 浙大宁波理工学院, 浙江 宁波 315100 hfp618@163.com 
刘静 江西理工大学, 江西 赣州 341000  
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中文摘要:
      通过水轮机捕能是当前常用的海洋能利用方式之一。桨叶作为水轮机关键部件,其性能一直是研究的重点。针对目前波浪条件下带负载运转的Savonius型水轮机相关捕能性能研究较少的情况,采用数值仿真方法,结合对应工况条件的物理试验,研究了一种Savonius型水轮机在不同波浪环境下带负载运转的捕能性能。采用Star CCM+仿真软件,建立数值波浪水池,设置环境参数,划分网格调整变量进行水轮机运转的水动力模型数值研究。在造波试验水池中利用推板改变波浪周期与波高,进行水轮机运转的物理试验。采集在不同负载下水轮机桨叶的转速和扭矩数据,计算并分析功率等参数,总结变化趋势,评价捕能效果。研究发现水轮机在1.6 s的波浪周期条件下,桨叶承受1.5 N·m负载时达到最佳捕能效果,其功率为23 W。为实际海域中水轮机桨叶的结构设计研究和相关工程应用提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Capturing energy by hydraulic turbine is one of the common ways to utilize ocean energy. As the key component of the hydraulic turbine, the performance of blade has always been the focus of research. At present, there are few researches on the energy harvesting performance of Savonius turbine with load in wave environment. The numerical simulation method is used in combination with the physical test with corresponding working conditions to study the energy harvesting performance of a Savonius turbine under different wave conditions. The Star CCM+simulation software is used to establish the numerical wave pool, to set the environmental parameters,to divide the grid and adjust the variables for the numerical simulation on hydrodynamics of the turbine operation. In the wave-making test pool, the push plate is used to change the wave period and height so as to carry out the physical test of turbine operation. It is found that under the condition of 1.6 s wave period, the best energy harvesting effect is achieved when the blade bears 1.5 N·m load, and its power is 23 W. This study provides a reference for the structural design and application of turbine blades in the actual sea area.
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