韩鹏,钱洪宝,李宇航,揭晓蒙.内波的生成、传播、遥感观测及其与海洋结构物相互作用研究进展[J].海洋工程,2020,38(4):148~158
内波的生成、传播、遥感观测及其与海洋结构物相互作用研究进展
Generation, propagation and detection of internal wave and its interaction with ocean structures
投稿时间:2019-11-13  
DOI:10.16483/j.issn.1005-9865.2020.04.017
中文关键词:  内波  孤立水波  分层流体  波浪演化  海洋平台  水下潜器  海洋结构物
英文关键词:internal waves  solitary waves  stratified fluid  wave evolution  offshore platform  underwater vehicle  marine structures
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
韩鹏 中国21世纪议程管理中心, 北京 100038  
钱洪宝 中国电子科学研究院, 北京 100041  
李宇航 中国21世纪议程管理中心, 北京 100038 lyrics89@foxmail.com 
揭晓蒙 中国21世纪议程管理中心, 北京 100038  
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中文摘要:
      内波是层结海洋中普遍存在的一种海洋动力学现象,包含内潮、内孤立波、近惯性内波等多种形式,由于其携带能量巨大,分布范围广,发生频率高,对海洋结构物造成严重威胁。对国内外关于内波生成、传播演化、海遥感观测及其与海洋结构物相互作用方面的研究进展进行综述。总结了关于内波的生成机制、浅水和深水区域内波传播演化特征、实际海洋内波特征的遥感观测以及内波与海洋平台及水下潜器相互作用的研究成果,讨论了数值模拟、模型试验、遥感观测等研究手段在海洋内波研究中的应用以及取得的相应研究成果。最后,在探讨海洋内波研究趋势的基础上对未来关于内波生成机制及其海洋学特征观测相关研究需考虑和解决的问题进行了展望。
英文摘要:
      Internal wave is a common ocean dynamic phenomenon in the stratified ocean, including internal tide, internal solitary wave and near-inertial internal wave. Internal wave can cause serious damage to the ocean structure due to its huge energy, wide distribution and high occurrence probability. We reviewed researches about the generation, propagation, remote sensing observation of internal wave and the interaction between internal wave and ocean structure. The research results about generation mechanism, propagation evolution at shallow and deep-water zone, remote sensing observation for ocean internal wave characteristics and the interaction between internal wave and offshore platforms and underwater vehicles were summarized. The applications and results of numerical simulation, model experiment and remote sensing observation about internal wave were discussed. The future research on the generation mechanism of internal wave and the observation for its oceanographic characteristics was prospected on the basis of analyzing the research trend of ocean internal wave.
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