陈缘,孔令婷,刘曙光,徐贵泉.河口型水源地供水安全风险分类评估方法比选研究[J].海洋工程,2020,38(4):118~128
河口型水源地供水安全风险分类评估方法比选研究
Comparative study of risk classification assessment for safety water supply from estuary water source
投稿时间:2019-12-23  
DOI:10.16483/j.issn.1005-9865.2020.04.014
中文关键词:  水源地  供水安全  风险评估  灰色关联度  神经网络
英文关键词:estuary water source  water supply safety  risk assessment  grey correlation  neural networks
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0405400)
作者单位
陈缘 同济大学 水利工程系, 上海 200092
上海市水务规划设计研究院, 上海 200233 
孔令婷 上海市水务规划设计研究院, 上海 200233 
刘曙光 同济大学 水利工程系, 上海 200092 
徐贵泉 上海市水务规划设计研究院, 上海 200233 
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中文摘要:
      为科学评估河口型水源地供水安全风险,基于水源地特点,在建立相应供水安全风险评估指标体系的基础上,采用层次分析法确定指标权重,结合选取灰色关联度法和BP神经网络法对某河口型水源地分别开展供水安全风险分类评估。以某次咸潮入侵事件数据为例,经采用两种方法评估后对比表明:灰色关联度法能较好地解决评价指标难以准确量化和统计的问题,具有定性与定量相结合评价精度较高的优点,更适合于河口型水源地供水安全风险分类评估。该水源地风险分类评价等级由高到低依次排序:水量风险(较高)→应急风险(较低)→工程风险(较低)→水质风险(低),其结果与实际相符。
英文摘要:
      Concerning the characteristics of the water source, the risk assessment of safety water supply from estuary water source is based on risk assessment index system and confirmed-indicator-weights (based on AHP method). To scientifically evaluate the security of water supply from the estuary water source, we propose grey correlation and BP neural network for risk classification assessment of a water source. We take the data of the salt-water intrusion event as an example. Comparing the two methods, we come to the conclusion that the gray correlation method can better solve the problem accurately in a more quantified and statistical way. There is also the advantage of higher accuracy when combining qualitative and quantitative evaluations. Therefore gray correlation is more suitable for risk classification assessment of water supply security in the estuary water source. The risk classification assessment levels of the water source are ranked in a descending order that water risk (higher) is higher than emergency risk (lower). Emergency risk (lower) is higher than engineering risk (lower). Engineering risk (lower) is higher than water quality risk (low). The result is consistent with the actual project.
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