涂佳黄,张志豪,曹波,肖毅凡,梁经群.五圆柱体结构群绕流特性及互扰效应研究[J].海洋工程,2020,38(1):101~110
五圆柱体结构群绕流特性及互扰效应研究
Study on the characteristics and interference effect of flow around five circular cylinders
  
DOI:10.16483/j.issn.1005-9865.2020.01.010
中文关键词:  五圆柱体  间距比  来流攻角  流动模态  互扰效应
英文关键词:five circular cylinders  spacing ratio  incidence angle  flow pattern  interference effect
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年项目(11602214);湖南省教育厅科学研究优秀青年项目(18B079);中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2017M622593);湖南省自然科学基金青年项目(2016JJ3117)
作者单位E-mail
涂佳黄 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院湖南 湘潭 411105
岩土力学与工程安全湖南省重点实验室湖南 湘潭 411105 
tujiahuang1982@163.com 
张志豪 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院湖南 湘潭 411105  
曹波 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院湖南 湘潭 411105
中车株洲电力机车有限公司湖南 株洲 412000 
 
肖毅凡 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院湖南 湘潭 411105  
梁经群 湘潭大学 土木工程与力学学院湖南 湘潭 411105  
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中文摘要:
      基于Fluent流体计算平台,运用大涡模拟方法对亚临界雷诺数Re=3 900下“X”形排列五圆柱体结构群三维绕流特性进行研究,主要分析来流攻角α与间距比L/D两个关键参数对五圆柱体结构群的尾流区三维涡结构演化与流体力系数的影响,并揭示其内在流动互扰机理。研究表明:来流攻角和间距比的变化对五圆柱体结构群流动控制及互扰效应的影响显著。在小间距比工况下,观察到柱体群间隙区域内流体高速流动的现象,导致五圆柱体之间的互扰作用十分强烈。间隙流对中间圆柱体和下游圆柱体有较强的冲击作用,对其表面的流体力分布特性有显著的影响。另外,大间距比工况下,当α=0°与L/D≥5.0工况时,柱体群尾流效应强于其间隙流效应。当α=22.5°与L/D=7.0时,位于下游与中间处的圆柱体流体绕流特性存在较大差异。而当α=45°与L/D≥6.0时,位于上游与中间处的圆柱体尾流区均会产生正负交替的漩涡结构。
英文摘要:
      Based on the Fluent fluid computing platform, the flow past five X-arranged circular cylinders has been investigated at Re=3 900 by using the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method. The effects of incidence angle(α) and spacing ratio(L/D) on the fluid force coefficients and vortex structures of five X-arranged circular cylinders in the wake are analyzed, while the interference mechanisms of flow around the cylinders are clarified. The study shows that the incidence angle and spacing ratio have a significant impact on the flow control and interference effects of the flow around five X-arranged cylinders. The high-velocity flow in the gap can be observed at small spacing ratios. And the flow interference among the cylinders is strong and complicated. The gap flow has a strong impact on the middle cylinder and the downstream ones, which gives rise to the change of the pressure distribution on the surface of the cylinders. Moreover, in the case of large spacing ratio, the wake effect is stronger than the gap flow one, when α=0° and L/D≥5.0. However, for the case of α=22.5° and L/D=7.0, the fluid flow characteristics on both sides are different between the downstream cylinder and the middle one. In addition, as α=45° and L/D=5.0, there is no vortex shedding in the wake region of the upstream cylinder, while there is the vortex street behind the middle one. In the case of L/D≥6.0, the positive and negative vortex structures are formed in the wake of the upstream and middle cylinders.
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